Soldier of 6. SS-Gebirgs-Division "Nord" wearing winter camouflage. The division was formed as SS-Kampfgruppe "Nord" in February 1941 in Norway but it was turned into a division in September 1941. It was composed of SS men used for garrison duties in Norway. Then it was transferred to Finnish Lapland prior to Operation Barbarossa as part of the German XXXVI. Gebirgs-Armeekorps under Armee-Oberkommando Norwegen. In July 1941 the division took part in Operation Silberfuchs with the German 169. Infanterie-Division and the Finnish 6th Division. Due to lack of training the soldiers were routed in the first attack against the Soviet forces at Salla. The division was later attached to the Finnish III Corps operating in the Kiestinki area. In September 1942 the division was renamed as the SS-Gebirgs-Division "Nord" (SS Mountain Division "North") and in October 1943 finally as the 6. SS-Gebirgs-Division "Nord". In 1944 the division took part in the Lapland War against Finland. After pulling out of Finland the division was transferred to Denmark and later to Germany. "Nord" fought against US forces during Operation Nordwind in winter 1944-45. The division surrendered in May 1945 to US forces in Bavaria.