Approximately twenty U.S. Tenth Mountain Division soldiers line up for chow during a climbing school at Camp Hale, 1943 or 1944. The food is being served from a tent in a clearing inside a pine forest. In the front line, whenever field kitchens cannot be set up, powdered coffee, tea, and other foods will be distributed so that the soldiers can prepare their own meals. However, only essential rations will be issued - otherwise, the men will throw away whatever seems superfluous at the moment. Flour rations can be stretched by adding sawdust - preferably from pine trees, but birch bark can also be used. During cold weather and snow, special measures must be taken to transport food. Commissary wagons should be built with double walls packed with hay or wood shavings, and the floors should be covered with straw. Food containers must be protected with straw mats and blankets.
Book "Packs On!: Memoirs of the 10th Mountain Division in World War II" by A. B. Feuer and Bob Dole